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Commemorative plaque inaugurated in Paris Center to honor first Chinese migrants******
A commemorative plaque was inaugurated on Saturday in Paris Center by Paris City Hall to honor the first Chinese migrants who came to Paris after WWI.
According to Ariel Weil, the mayor of Paris Center, the plaque is to remind people of the contributions of the Chinese community in France during the WWI, and also to show the efforts of the Chinese migrants in promoting the culture and economy of Paris.
"A plaque was missing, something was missing that explains this story," Weil told Xinhua at the inauguration ceremony.
"It won't be the only one and it's the beginning of the inscription of the history of the Chinese community in France and Paris, in our heritage and on our walls," he said.
Asking about the choice of Paris Center to host the plaque, Sun Wenxiong, chairman of the French Asian League, said that Paris Center is one of the areas with a strong cultural atmosphere in Paris, and the Chinese culture can be unique in a place where biculturalism converges.
"Many Chinese have left their hardships here and made contributions to the development of this place. We believe that the establishment of the commemorative plaque will enable the local people to understand the contributions of the Chinese to Europe and France, and is conducive to the integration and development of the Chinese culture," he added.
From May 1916 to early 1918, there were around 140,000 Chinese laborers serving for the Allies during WWI. Most of them were recruited by Britain and France.
The Chinese workers, known as Chinese Labor Corps, were assigned to arduous work such as digging trenches, building docks, laying tracks, unloading ships, repairing tanks and clearing battlefields. Their logistic support was critical to the Allied armies in the west front.
Out of the 140,000 Chinese laborers, nearly 20,000 were dead or missing during the war.
After the war, some of them stayed and lived in the center of Paris and participated in the post-war reconstruction of France, making important contributions to the economic development and cultural diversity of the neighborhood.
Chinese shares mixed at midday Tuesday******
BEIJING, Nov. 23 (Xinhua) -- China's major stock indices ended mixed in the morning session Tuesday, with the benchmark Shanghai Composite Index up 0.43 percent to 3,597.53 points.。
The Shenzhen Component Index went down 0.08 percent to end at 14,949.41 points at midday. Enditem。
US says Syria airstrike investigated by NY Times 'legitimate'******
The US Central Command said on Sunday that a 2019 airstrike that killed civilians in Syria was "legitimate," after a New York Times investigation said the military had concealed the death of dozens of non-combatants.。
The newspaper published the results of its investigation on Saturday saying a US special task force operating in Syria – sometimes leaving its military partners in the dark to preserve secrecy – dropped three bombs on a cluster of civilians near the Islamic State group bastion of Baghouz, killing 70 people, mainly women and children.。
The report says a US legal officer "flagged the strike as a possible war crime" but that "at nearly every step, the military made moves that concealed the catastrophic strike."
Drawing from confidential documents, interviews with personnel directly involved and officials with top security clearance, The New York Times found that the strike "was one of the largest civilian casualty incidents of the war against the Islamic State," albeit never publicly acknowledged by the US military.。
"The death toll was downplayed. Reports were delayed, sanitized and classified. United States-led coalition forces bulldozed the blast site. And top leaders were not notified," the report said, adding the Pentagon's independent inspector general's probe findings were "stalled and stripped of any mention of the strike."
In a detailed response, Central Command said an investigation found the strike was "legitimate self-defense," "proportional" and that "appropriate steps were taken to rule out the presence of civilians."
It added an investigation was launched after a military report found there had likely been civilian casualties.。
Along with 16 IS fighters determined to have died in the bombing, the investigation concluded at least four civilians were killed and eight wounded.。
"We self-reported and investigated the strike according to our own evidence and take full responsibility for the unintended loss of life," said CENTCOM spokesperson Captain Bill Urban.。
He said the investigation could not "conclusively characterize the status of more than 60 other casualties," adding some women and children, "whether through indoctrination or choice, decided to take up arms in this battle and as such could not strictly be classified as civilians."
Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces and their US-led coalition allies declared the defeat of a self-proclaimed IS "caliphate" in March 2019.。